A Simple Version of Everything You Need To Know About the ObamaCare Repeal and Replace Plan

We explain “the American Health Care Act” (The New ObamaCare Replacement Plan) in simple terms. You can see our full review here or see a simple pros and cons list here.

UPDATE: Because things are moving very quickly, we are using a different page to do a full review of the current bill. This page just acts as a summary of the major provisions (which are subject to change) See: A Full Review of the House Republican ObamaCare Plan (aka Trumpcare, Ryancare, AHCA, and Obamacare 2.0) “the American Health Care Act.”

NOTE: You should see a basic review of ObamaCarea basic review of the Better Way (Ryancare) plana basic review of TrumpCare (as presented on DonaldJTrump.com), and “the Last Week Tonight with John Oliver (HBO) where he discusses the Repeal and Replace plan.” It is a smart and simple summary despite its pro-ACA bias, semi-racy content, and comedic tone. The basics are easy to understand, the details are more complex. The better you understand the basics, the better you can understand how the new plan is and isn’t different from ObamaCare.

TIP: Don’t confuse this new bill with “the World’s Greatest Health Care Plan” by Pete Sessions. That is another ObamaCare proposal. This one, the RyanCare that Trump supports, is called “The American Health Care Act.”

American Health Care Act Facts: Facts on the Bill that Could Become TrumpCare

Here are the basics of “the American Health Care Act” (the latest official iteration of the House Better Way Plan):

NOTE: Some information below is from the leaked draft, we reviewed the official bill here. The following is still generally correct since the changes were minor. Once things are more certain we will create one final page and make sure all are clearly pointing to that one. For now, this is the gist of what the new healthcare act does.

  • Most of this starts in 2018 and 2020 (after Congress is elected once or twice and Trump gets another shot). They do a “slow rug pull.” It is like when a magician pulls the tablecloth off the table so fast that things don’t fall off. If the pull is slow, things fall everywhere. They aren’t “pulling the rug out quickly,” they are doing a “slow rug pull.” For example, Medicaid is defunded in 2020, so people don’t lose coverage until after the GOP is reelected (that is a fact and should be noted). That said, this is notably better than “just repealing Medicaid expansion.”
  • The plan takes away the fees for the mandates, but not the mandates themselves. It also takes away most taxes on industries. You can imagine what happens when the federal government is starved of revenue; the deficit isn’t going down without other serious cuts, to say the least.
  • The plan includes a continuous coverage exclusion which allows insurers to charge you 30% more if you have a gap in coverage of more than 63 days. After you pay in for 12 months, it goes back to normal. This is arguably a fair trade for the mandate, but it will also prevent low-income Americans from accessing coverage in many cases. I’m not sure how this fills the market with young people, but there are many worse ideas out there. Supporters of the law should give due credit where credit is due, the GOP keeping preexisting conditions protections is a big deal.
  • The plan replaces income-based tax credits and out-of-pocket cost assistance with age-based cost assistance. This works well for some groups and fixes some sticking points, but older people (under 65) with lower incomes and low-income young people with higher medical costs are going to lose a ton of assistance. Those with chronic conditions who depend on out-of-pocket cost sharing would be in trouble. As a plus, those stuck with high costs due to income just over the 400% poverty level under ObamaCare will feel some relief here (that is a very good thing).
  • The plan repeals Medicaid expansion (pulling the rug out slowly) and block-grants traditional Medicaid. This likely results in less funding for states. It is good that states get to keep their programs, but the lack of funding could undo many of the positive changes.
  • The plan expands HSAs. HSAs can be very beneficial, but people hate them. The idea is to encourage you to put money into a savings account with tax advantages. You can then use the funds for a broad range of healthcare costs. This is a good idea for those who have the money to set aside. We have them now, but people from all walks of like tend to yell at me a lot when I suggest using them. The new limits essentially replace cost sharing subsidies, but I suspect that people with no extra cash are going to be furious. That being said, HSA changes suggested by this leaked draft will help a lot of people without significant tax revenue loss. Those changes include: making the HSA contribution limit equal to the HDHPs maximum out-of-pocket limit; allowing people to purchase OTCs; reducing the tax penalty for use the funds for non-approved medical spending; allowing older couples to make catch-up contributions together; and a 60 day window after purchasing an HDHP for an HSA to be establish with tax benefits backdated from the start of coverage. It’s a bit surprising that GOP plan doesn’t drop the requirement to have an HDHP altogether and allow every one an opportunity to get the tax benefits of these savings accounts.
  • It would increase the taxes paid by middle-class workers on their wages by making the value of employer insurance taxable income. At the same time, it would cut taxes on employer benefit packages valued over $500,000, the tax on incomes over $200,000-$250,000, the tax on insurers’ profits, and the tax on brand-name pharmaceutical companies.
  • And way more including strange things like defunding parts of the brand new 21st Century Cures Act that the GOP just passed. They defund sections of a highly touted ‘bipartisan’ Act that just passed. Also, abortion coverage and such is stripped away in very specific ways. That is, of course, a tricky issue. It could have a dramatic effect the way insurers in every sector offering this coverage (or not).
  • Oh, and they try to defund Planned Parenthood altogether. In a super shady move where they don’t name PP directly but are just like adds a catch for “For a state to receive funding for Medicaid (or a waiver) for payments to any non-profits (or anyone associated with them) who provide abortions (except under the Hyde Amendment) whose funding from Medicaid as a nationwide health care network exceeded $350,000,000 in the fiscal year 2014”. No matter what your politics, it seems unfair to shove a Planned Parenthood repeal in a repair plan.

Thus, the plan helps high earners and businesses the most, is a wash for the middle class depending on individual out-of-pocket medical costs and stands to leave tens of millions of uninsured/underinsured with access to an underfunded sick pool or nothing at all.

That is the gist, some of the far-right and Libertarians want way less, Democrats and progressives will want more. That means one will have to fight to get even this much. Things are very much up in the air.

Here is an example of how tax credits change, you’ll need to see the full review below for the details. We will be creating another simpler summary soon, for now, we hope this helps.

The tax credit would be paid for each month a person had coverage from the first day. A taxpayer is eligible for is 1/12 of these annual amounts for each covered individual based on their age:

  • Under 30: $2,000 ($166.67/month)
  • 30-39 years old: $2,500 ($208.33/month)
  • 40-49 years old: $3,000 ($250/month)
  • 50-59 years old: $3,500 ($291.67/month)
  • 60 and up: $4,000 ($333.33/month)

Limitations on the tax credit:

  • $14,000 ($1,166.67) Maximum tax credit for a single tax return (dependents included)
  • For large families, it is based on the 5 oldest members of the tax family

3/4/2017 UPDATE: A newer draft of the House bill to repeal and replace the ACA was reportedly leaked 3/3/2017. While this new leaked draft itself has not yet been made public, it is being reported that it is essentially the same, but will now exclude high-income earners from being eligible for the refundable tax credit which replaces the Premium Tax Credit. It also seems essential health benefits will stick around. We are going through the latest bill and will have all the updates posted shortly.

NOTE: Those assistance amounts are generous when you consider that the GOP ran on repeal. It is tempting to be upset, but the reality is that Ryan and his team have become odd allies of ACA supporters compared to the more extreme right. They appear to be making some small steps in the right direction. There are big, big scary problems and attacks on poor people and women in here, but perhaps, with continued pressure from informed constituents, positive changes are possible. This is, in many cases, more than our team was expecting. So try to keep that in mind.

What do you think?

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Missy Babcock on

I think that it is time for Democrats and Republicans to work together for the good of the American citizens. The Affordable Care Act may help the poorer Americans but it is crushing the rest of us who have to shoulder the cost. My premiums and high deductibles are unsustainable. My choice of insurance plans has been reduced to one and my choice of doctors has been greatly limited. When I recently had surgery, I had to pay before the surgery because the doctor said patients with high deductible health plans were not paying for his services.

ObamaCareFacts.com on

I will second that motion. Lets take Pence’s HIP, RyanCare, the World’s Greatest Health Plan (Actual title), Bernie’s Ideas, the ACA, and hey while we are at it, why not our ideas (since we already did this) and make an awesome TRUMPCARE.

If we do that, everyone wins. Especially if we respect the free-enterprise less-than-center right. We can’t please every ideologue, but I do think we could make a plan that works for the American people, and that is ideally what it is all about.

I wrote about this a few times, but here is a bunch of awesome ideas cherry picked from everyone elses’ plans and the strung together with a few of our own ideas: http://obamacarefacts.com/2017/01/16/a-suggestion-for-trumpcare-using-past-gop-plans/

Carlette Moore on

Simplistic summary that while informative does not really set forth how harmful this replacement will be for poor, seniors and middle class. Specifically any changes to medicare will eventually cost middle class in long run as they will need to replace medicare with market value health care when they turn 65. Costs will be exorbitant at that age. Premiums will be through the roof as will medical costs. A bill that does not control costs is fruitless and lies to the public about individual and public costs of the replacement.

ObamaCareFacts.com on

They keep shifting around so many things that we have had trouble getting everything tied up in a neat package for people.

As more concrete things get put on the table we will be offering much more clear cut and effective summaries. You are right though, this was a “kid’s gloves on” version.

Thanks for the input.

craig nelson on

MY NAME IS CRAIG NELSON, I AM 63 YEARS OLD. PRESENTLY WORKING FULL TIME WINDING ELECTRIC MOTORS IN WISCONSIN. OWNED A ELECTRIC REWIND SHOP 20 YEARS IN MN., OWN A HOUSE IN NORTH WI., PAID INTO SS AND TAXES AND INSURANCE FROM EMPL,OYERS SINCE 1970.

EMPLOYEE’S PAYING HEALTH INS., A FEW MONTHS OR SEVERAL MONTHS. MAYBE SEVERAL YAERS. WHEN CHANGING THIER JOB’S, WHY IS NOT THE INSUARNCE COMPANIES REQUIRED BY LAW TO COVER ANYONE THAT HAS PAID INTO THE INSURANCE COMPANIES POLICIES!!??

I CAN WORK FOR 12 MONTHS OR EVEN 12 YEARS AND PAY INTO DENTAL AND OR HOSPITAL DOCTOR INS. MAYBE NOT NEEDING IT MUCH, THAN LOOSING THE POLICY BECAUSE I QUIT THE JOB OR GET FIRED OR LAID OFF. PAYYNG FOR YEARS THE CEO TO GET HIS MILLIONS A YAERS SALARYY?!!

THIS IS NOT RIGHT! INSTED OF MEDICARE AND MEDICADE FOR ELDERLY PEOPLE THAN CANNOT AFFORD A LOT FROM THE SS, THESE INSURANCE COMPANIES SHOULD BE PAYING THE FREE CARE OF HOSPITAL AND DOCTOR VISITS—-ESPECAILLY TO THOSE THAT HAVE FOR ALL THEIR WORKING LIFE HAVE PAID THE KITTY OF HEALTH INS AND SS AND FED TAX AND STAE TAX!! AND YOU, THE SENATE OF THE USA CAN GIVE THE MONEY FROM SS AWAY TO PEOPLE THAT WERE NEVER FEEDING INTO THE SS SYTEM AND NOT EVEN CITISENS OF THE USA!!??? WHERE IS YOUR CONSCIENCE?!

CHANGING AFFORDABLE CARE ACT , SHOULD REVOLUTIOINARY CHANGE THE TAX MONEY FLOW PUT INTO THE USA, NOT TO PAY FOR KILLING HUMANS AROUND THE WORLD FOR THE ELLITE RICH! BUT TO CARE FOR THOSE THAT ALL THEIR LIFE PAID YOUR FUNDS YOU ILLEAGALY USED.

SOCAIL SECURITY BENIFITS SHOULD BE MORE THAN ENOUGH TO LIVE MONTHLY ON, AND IT IS INSTEAD BE STOLLEN FROM US AND NOBODY IS BREAKING THE LAW?

I WAS BORN WITH EPILEPSY, PETTI MALLS. 20 PILLS A DAY I TOOK, WORKED BEST I COULD. 43 YAERS OLD, WAS NOT ON DISABILITY. HAD TO HAVE BRAIN SURGEORY. THE SURGEON REMOVED THE SCAR THAT CAUSED SEISURES!! THANK YOU JESUS!
THANKYOU MN GOVERNMENT THE SURGEORY WAS PAID FOR. I WAS ON DISABILITY FOR 1 YEAR, NOT ABLE TO GO BACK TO WORK 3 YEARS, IT TOOK 18 MONTHS BEFOR DISABILITY WAS GIVEN. I DID NOT STAY ON DISABILTY, WANTING TO PAY FOR MY RETIREMENT AND GET A BETTER AMOUNT THRU SS. SINCE 1996 THE SUGEORY AND 3 YEARS WITHOUT BEING ABLE TO WORK. I HAVE BEEN BACK WORKING AND PAYING INSURANCE AND TAXES AND SOCAIL SECURITY.

TURN THE INSURACE COVERAGE AROUND AND SS AROUND TO PAY BACK WHO HAVE PAID INTO IT. REQUIRE THE INSURANCE COMPANIES TO COVER EVRYONE THAT HAS PAID THE FIDLER. OR ARE YOU JUST GOING TO PASS A BILL AND SAY IT IS BETTER, BUT NOT GOOD ENOUGH. REVOLUTIONARY CHANGE SHOULD BE NOW! BEFORE I CAN NOT RETIRE AND MY GRANDCHILDREN AND YOUR GRANDCHILDREN WILL HAVE NOTHING TO MAKE THEIR LIFE BETTER!! IF YOU CANNOT TAKE CARE OF THIS YOU SHOULD BE FIRE AND PUT INTO PRISION FOR MISHANDLEING THE MONEY AND LAWS.
AND CONSTITUTION THAT WHERE GIVEN TO YOU TO USE RIGHTLY!! AND IMPRISIONED FOR NOT LISTENING TO YOUR CONSCIENCE!!

SINCERLY, WORKING WITH NO REAL PLAN TO QUIT AND STILL PAYING IN TO THE SS, STAE TAXES AND FEDERAL TAXES. CRAIG NELSON

Marie on

Thank you Craig Nelson for sharing your story. You’re work ethic and loyalty to doing the right and responsible thing is much admired! Perhaps our legislators need to focus on doing the “right things for the right reasons”!

Beverly J. Druskis on

I read it-did not fully understand it-and feel it was written biased by the Democratic Party-it seems like the author who wrote this -is leaning to the left-I’m eighty-seven -I’m not on medicaid-I have friends on Medicaid-do they need to worry in 2020?
I also have very wealthy friends-I’m not one-I live on less then $20,000 a year and pay my c-pays to the doctor-I think if President Trump ddoesn’t want to hurt his ratings, he better get on the ball and speak to the american people just what it will and won’t do for the American people!

ObamaCareFacts.com on

Thank you for the feedback. I’ll give the article a read to make sure it isn’t biased toward a party.

I think being biased toward the American people is a fair sort of bias, but being biased toward a party isn’t helpful. Where the two factors collide, that is simply a different issue.

Terrie on

I wish the Government never got involved in my Health Care I have coverage that is worthless just like the Doctors General Practitioners in my plan they don’t send you to a specialist they do everything and are clueless when it comes to women s issues I have been paying out of pocket to see a Doctor that can treat me and if I don’t get a check up every year the Doc will drop me last time I went to him his nurse wanted my weigh and I refused she said I had to because my insurance wanted it I told her to have them give me a call and hell no would I give my family health history it can be shared with anyone its creepy .

Vicki on

This looks like a typical Republican bill that will move money to the rich and large corporations and take money and benefits away from the older and poor members of our society. Pathetic! The ACA only needs minor changes. I had no changes to my deductibles or copays in the 3 years of my coverage. I received a refund twice from the insurance co. due to the part of the ACA that requires insurance companies to use atleast 80% of the premiums for health care. Fix the problem with insurance companies gouging the public. Perhaps the one payer system is the best.